21. Massachusetts - Elizabeth Warren. In 2015, Time included Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren in its annual list of the 100 Most Influential People. Her short piece was written by none other than Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton. The "New Sheriff of Wall Street" is known for her fierce advocacy for middle-class families and her outspoken denunciation of big banks and powerful financial institutions. Prior to being elected to the Senate, Warren was appointed to chair the Congressional Oversight Panel for the Troubled Asset Relief Program in 2008 and in 2009 the Boston Globe named her Bostonian of the Year. In 2010, President Obama appointed Warren Assistant to the President and Special Advisor to the Secretary of the Treasury on the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. The Rutgers School of Law alum has taught at the University of Texas at Austin, the University of Michigan, the University of Pennsylvania, and has been teaching at Harvard Law School for the past 20 years. Warren has written nine books, been named one of the Most Influential Lawyers of the Decade by National Law Journal and given the Massachusetts Women's Bar Association's Lelia J. Robinson Award.
22. Michigan - Aretha Franklin. "Queen of Soul" Aretha Franklin is well-deserving of her nickname: the Michigan native and global icon has won 18 Grammy Awards, a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, a Grammy Living Legend Award, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, and earned the number one spot on Rolling Stone's list of "The Greatest Singers of All Time." Only 18 years old when she signed with Columbia Records, Franklin became the first woman inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. She is also the first woman and fourth artist in history to have 100 R&B-charted singles.
23. Minnesota - Rosalie Wahl. Activist and lawyer Rosalie Wahl was the first woman ever to serve on the Minnesota Supreme Court. She was appointed by Governor Rudy Perpich in 1977 and served until her retirement in 1994. After her fiancé died in an Army Air Corps training accident while she was in her first year at the University of Kansas, Wahl decided she wanted to help people. She became president of the local YWCA and founded Henley House, a residential, inter-racial co-op. After moving to an "intentional community" in Circle Pines, Minnesota, Wahl enrolled in the William Mitchell College of Law, at the of 38, and attended night classes while taking care of her five children during the day. After graduating, Wahl began working at the Office of the State Public Defender. During her tenure as a Supreme Court Justice, Wahl wrote 549 opinions, chaired the Commission to Review the Substance and Process of the ABA's Accreditation of American Law Schools, led the Court's Task Force for Gender Fairness in the Courts, and ran the Court's Task Force on Racial Bias in the Judicial System.
24. Mississippi - Fannie Lou Hamer. One of 20 children, civil rights activist Fannie Lou Hamer was born and raised in the Mississippi Delta. Hamer began working on cotton fields with her parents at the age of six and continued working until she tried to register to vote with the Students Nonviolent Coordinating Committee in 1962 and her landowner subsequently kicked her off his plantation. From then on, Hamer worked tirelessly with SNCC and quickly took on the role of field organizer. Across the Delta, she worked for desegregation, economic security, and voter registration. Hamer was a popular orator and helped raise significant funds for SNCC by delivering speeches and lectures throughout the South. In 1964, Hamer helped found the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) in order to expand the black voting population and challenge the all-white, pro-segregation Democratic Party. At the1964 Democratic National Convention, Hamer delivered her famous testimony to the Credentials Committee, in which she described her brutal beating by police in Winona, Mississippi, following her arrest for participating in a sit-in. After the passage of the Voting Rights Act in 1965, Hamer continued her activism in education and economic security until her death in 1977.
25. Missouri - Harriet Scott. "Dred and Harriet Scott are simple symbols of our greatest failure." Widely recognized as one of the worst, if not the worst, decisions ever made by the U.S. Supreme Court, Dred Scott v. Sandford was a landmark case and one of several catalysts of the Civil War. What many people don't know is that there were two plaintiffs (and originally two separate lawsuits) in the case -- Dred Scott and his wife Harriet. Harriet worked as a laundress in the territory that would eventually become Minnesota. Shortly after her marriage to Dred Scott, she was taken with him to St. Louis by his owner, Dr. Emerson. The Scotts petitioned Dr. Emerson's wife for their freedom after the doctor's death and when she denied their request, Harriet and Scott both decided to sue for their freedom. Whether or not Harriet remained enslaved, she was the mother of two daughters and was determined that they not inherit her status. Eventually reaching the U.S. Supreme Court, the Scotts fought their case for 11 years and through five trials. Despite the Court's ruling that slaves did not have standing to sue in federal court, the son of Dred's original owner freed the Scott family doon after the Court issued its decision. Though Dred died a year later, Harriet lived through the Civil War to witness the end of slavery.
26. Montana - Denise Juneau. The first American Indian woman to ever be elected to a statewide executive office, State Superintendent of Public Instruction and Congressional candidate Denise Juneau also became the first openly gay candidate to run for federal office in Montana when she introduced her partner at a fundraiser this past February. A member of the Mandan and Hidatsa tribes, Juneau began her career as a teacher on the Fort Berthold Reservation in North Dakota. She received her Masters in Education from Harvard and later attended the University of Montana for law. A public education and land conservation advocate, Juneau, a Democrat, is currently running for Montana's only seat in the U.S. House of Representatives, against Republican Representative Ryan Zinke.
27. Nebraska - Susan La Flesche Picotte. Born on the Omaha reservation in Nebraska, Susan La Flesche Picotte was the daughter of Iron Eyes, chief of the Omaha Nation. After studying at New Jersey's Elizabeth Institute for Young Ladies and Virginia's Hamilton Insittute, the Women's National Indian Association funded her education at the Women's Medical College in Philadelphia. Upon her graduation, Picotte became the first American Indian woman physician in the United States. Due to her Western education, she became "a cultural broker between the white world and the Omaha tribe." In addition to being the reservation physician, Picotte also acted as a tribal activist, fighting alcoholism on the reservation, the trust system of tribal property being held by the federal government, and the economic destruction caused by mass slaughtering of the buffalo. Two years before her death, Picotte established a hospital in Walthill, Nebraska, which has since been declared a national historic landmark.
28. Nevada - Hannah Keziah Clapp. Activist, feminist, and educator, Hannah Keziah Clapp spent a decade teaching in Michigan before making her way West. After spending a year teaching in Sacramento, Clapp moved to Nevada in 1860 and established the state's first private school, the Sierra Seminary. Four years later, Clapp hired Eliza C. Babcock as assistant principal and the two remained inseparable companions until Babcock's death. Among the many visitors of Sierra Seminary was Mark Twain, who based several scenes in Tom Sawyer on her classrooms. In 1876, Clapp and Babcock opened Nevada's first kindergarten. In 1887, Clapp was hired as a professor of history and English at the University of Nevada, Reno. Though she was quickly replaced by a Harvard graduate, she served as the university's librarian for 14 years. In addition to being a trailblazer in education, Clapp was also a dedicated suffragette who befriended Susan B. Anthony and worked to gain women's right to vote in Nevada for the many years leading up to her death in 1908.
29. Women of New Hampshire. Last year, Hillary Clinton took a trip across New Hampshire and Time magazine reported on it in an article entitled "How New Hampshire's Women Paved the Way for Hillary Clinton." New Hampshire was both the first state to elect a female governor and the first state to have a legislative body with a female majority. Currently, the state's governor and both U.S. senators are women. New Hampshire has historically had a strong pipeline of women politicians and trailblazers. Among the women that Clinton met with during her trip was Mary Louise Hancock, the "Queen Bee" of New Hampshire politics, Sylvia Larsen, the state's longest-serving Democratic female leader and former senate President; Kathy Sullivan, former Democratic Party chair; Teri Norelli, former Speaker of the House; Susan Lynch, pediatrician and former First Wife of New Hampshire; Juliana Eades, New Hampshire Community Loan Fund President and recipient of NH's Business Review's 2013 Outstanding Women in Business Award; and Democratic political operative Karen Hicks.
30. New Jersey - Clara Barton. Best known for founding the American Red Cross, pioneering nurse Clara Barton began her career as an educator. In 1845, she established a school for the children of her brother's mill workers, and in 1852, she established the first free public school in Bordentown, New Jersey. In 1954, Barton left teaching to become one of the first women to be employed by the federal government; she worked as a recording clerk at the U.S. patent office. Barton began providing supplies to Union soldiers in the first year of the Civil War and gained official government permission to transport supplies to battlefields a year later. Soon after, Barton went to the battlefields herself to provide medical assistance to the wounded. In addition to serving as a nurse, Barton also educated and prepared slaves for life after the Civil War, founded the Office of Correspondence with Friends of the Missing Men of the United States Army, assisted in the marking of thousands of Union graves, travelled the Midwest and Northeast to deliver lectures on her experiences in the Civil War, and eventually travelled to Switzerland, where she learned about the International Red Cross. Twelve years later, the American Association of the Red Cross was founded and Barton was elected its first president. She held the position for 23 years.